When people hear about the word depression, they think of it in two forms- either a regular depression or clinical that will require depression treatment.
In a medical point of view, depression is a mood disorder that causes persistent sad feeling and loss of interest bringing pleasure. Depression will affect you depending on the way you feel, think and behave. However, the disorder is known to interfere with the way you carry your activities.
There are various causes of depression, and some are easy to handle with depression counselling. The seven common types include:
- Major Depressive Disorder
This MDD is the type of depression that people usually prefer while talking about clinical depression. The disorder has various features that include:
- Changes in sleep
- Changes in weight
- Lack of interesting activities
- Feeling worthless and guilt
- Thoughts of suicide and death
- Lack of concentration
When you experience it more than two weeks, you need the disorder diagnosis.
- Persistent Depression Disorder
It’s a continuous depression that you have for many days and a minimum of two years. It’s either mild, moderate or even severe.
- Postpartum Depression
When a woman is pregnant, she might have significant hormonal shifts resulting in a bad mood. Depression can occur before or after the birth of a child.
The problem is that it may result in a different range from persistent lethargy and sadness. You will need a doctor to avoid delusions and hallucinations occurring. That is why most pregnant women need to visit psychologists for marriage treatment.
- Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
There are some common symptoms you face when experiencing a disorder including fatigue, increased appetite, bloating, anxiety, moodiness, food cravings, irritability, breast tenderness, and aches.
This disorder also produces similar symptoms relating to mood but more pronounced including extreme fatigue, severe stress or anxiety, inability to concentrate and many more.
- Atypical Depression
When you find yourself having symptoms such as overeating, extreme rejection sensitivity and sleeping too much then you have this disorder.
When you base on the symptoms, a family counselling may be of help to help diagnostic with the depression. It is a depression that has various notable symptoms including excessive sleep, excess weight gain or eating, fatigue or weakness, intensely sensitive to rejections and strong reactive moods.
The disorder is much common than you think. It’s not like the other types of depressions, but people were having this depression will respond effectively to an antidepressant type called monoamine oxidase inhibitor.
- Seasonal Affective Disorder
When you find yourself experiencing depression, weight gain and sleepiness especially during the winter season but in spring you are okay, it may be resulting from a seasonal affective disorder.
The condition triggers due to the disturbance of your normal circadian rhythm of the body. When there is a seasonal variation, it leads to depression. The disorder is common in regions that are far north and far south of the planet, but it is treatable with light therapy sessions.
The disorder is a mood disorder with characteristics of abnormally elevated moods especially known as mania. It might cause an impairment in your life, and you will need an anxiety counselling and hospitalization before affecting your sense of reality.