Glutamine helps you to grow stronger muscles, increase body mass, and reduce muscle rupture during a harder workout. It is an amino acid that neutralises lactic acid, which is produced in your muscles during an intense workout and cause fatigue in the muscles. That is why glutamine supplement is prescribed to take before a workout. It plays an important role in the biosynthesis of muscle-protein and takes care of blood flow throughout the body. Here you will know about glutamine and its benefits.
What is Glutamine?
Glutamine is an amino acid available abundantly in your skeletal muscle. That is why normally your body doesn’t need glutamine from the diet. It is only required under certain conditions, which may include illness, trauma, dystrophy, and muscle stress. If such is a condition, glutamine level in the body may come down to 50% in the worst case. Glutamine acts as an essential structural unit of DNA and RNA in your body. Your body needs Vitamin B3 and B6 to produce glutamine from glutamic acid.
Why does Glutamine Important?
Glutamine nourishes intestine, develops a high immune system and strong defence system in the body to fight against microbes. The strong immune system recovers stress faster. So, glutamine is essential to recover your muscle during an intense workout. It plays the following major roles:
- Normalises growth hormone
- After a workout, it encourages glucose absorption
- It enhances muscle hydration
- Neutralise the process of acid formation within the muscle during an intense workout
Type of Glutamine
Glutamines are of two types: one is L-glutamine and the second is D-glutamine. Workout supplement is sometimes denoted as L-glutamine, but the others use the term glutamine only.
Where is it Found Naturally?
You will find here the percentage of glutamine present in each of the following foods:
- White Rice: 0.3 gram per 100 gram of rice – 11.1%
- Corn: 0.4 gram per 100 gram of corn – 16.2%
- Tofu: 0.6 gram per 100 gram of tofu – 9.1%
- Skim Milk: 0.3 gram per 100 gram of milk – 8.1%
- Egg: 0.6 gram per 100 gram of egg – 4.4%
- Beef: 1.2 gram per 100 gram of beef – 4.8%
Enhance Exercise Performance and Muscle Gain
Different researches have shown that glutamine supplement helps in decreasing muscle soreness, fatigue, and makes a recovery faster after an intense workout. This enhances your performances and sustains your goal of muscle gain. It is also found that if an athlete takes glutamine with carbs his/her fatigue goes on and regains energy within two hours of running. Glutamine is essential for bodybuilders. Because glutamine level of the bodybuilders almost exhausts during their heavy scheduled exercise. Thus, the bodybuilders lose their strength, stamina, and recovery greatly after an intense workout. So, your body needs more glutamine to optimise exercise performance.
It is found that in the absence of adequate supplement, bodybuilders are more prone to sickness. Therefore, it can be concluded that glutamine is not only important for muscle gain but equally important for the maintenance of muscle also.