Antibiotics and its uses


Antibiotics are probably the most diversely and extensively used pill in the 21st century. The two most common agents of human physical ailments are viruses and bacteria. Now people often confuse between situations on when to use antibiotics and when not to. Now using antibiotics in case of viral infections such as flu and common-cold could actually make things worse. The antibiotics will have no effect on the infecting virus; rather kill the friendly bacteria within the human body. Hence if you are planning on ordering antibiotics online, it is quite critical to take a note of the common diseases that are effectively treated with antibiotics ( and by which group of it.)

The most common cases that call for the use of antibiotics

Acne: Acne is typically a skin condition that generally emerges with puberty. It is characterized by scars, blackheads (orwhiteheads) and pimples. Acne is often considered as a potential contributing factor to anxiety, depression and reduced self-esteem. Lifestyle habits such as smoking and hormonal imbalance such as excessive reserve of testosterone are two common causes of Acne. The regions with a greater number of oil glands on the face, the upper part of chest and back are the most commonly affected areas. Acne is a long-term disease resulting from the accumulation of skin oil and dead skin cells in the hair follicles.

  • Antibiotics used to treat Acne: Doxycycline, spironolactone, minocycline.

Streptococcal Pharyngitis: Streptococcal Pharyngitis is an extremely common contagious bacterial infection (with over ten million cases in India itself, every year) in the back of the throat, characterized with fever, enlarged lymph nodes, swollen-red tonsils and sore throat. The symptoms, depending on the severity may also include headaches, muscle and abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Streptococcus pyogenes is the group of bacteria that is responsible for the infection. The infection is highly contagious with the potential of both airborne (sneezes and coughs) and physical contact contamination.

  • Antibiotics used to treat Streptococcal Pharyngitis: Augmentin, amoxicillin.

Conjunctivitis:Conjunctivitis or as it is commonly known, pink eye, could be caused by allergies, viruses or bacteria. This infection is a disorder of the eye where inflammation is caused to the outer lining of the eye and the inner lining of the eyelid. The affected area turns pinkish or reddish on infection. The most usual symptoms of Conjunctivitis are itching, tender and burning.

  • Antibiotics used to treat Conjunctivitis:Lotemax, Sulfacetamide sodium.

STDs: Among all the Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Herpes, Syphilis and Trichomoniasis are the ones that are caused by bacterial infection.

  • Antibiotics for Chlamydia: Doxycycline, Azithromycin.
  • Antibiotics for Gonorrhea (disseminated :) Ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, cefixime, ceftriaxone.
  • Antibiotics for Gonorrhea (Uncomplicated :) Ciprofloxacin, ceftriaxone, Azithromycin
  • Antibiotics for Herpes: Acyclovir
  • Antibiotics for Syphilis (tertiary :) Doxycyline, Penicillin g benzathine
  • Antibiotics for Syphilis (Congenial :)Bicillin L-A
  • Antibiotics for Syphilis ( Early: ) Doxycycline
  • Antibiotics for Syphilis (Latent :) Doxycycline
  • Antibiotics for Trichomoniasis: Metronidazole, Flagyl

Bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract: The upper respiratory tract region includes the nose, sinuses and larynx or pharynx. Obstruction, inflammation and soreness of these regions are the most common condition accompanying the infection, alongwith fever, cough, headache, nasal congestion and nasal discharge.

  • Antibiotics used to treat Bacterial infection of this region: Azithromycin, Amoxicillin, Augmentin, Doxycycline.

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